Ynglinga Saga

Ynglinga saga is a legendary saga, originally written in Old Norse by the Icelandic poet and historian Snorri Sturluson about 1225. It is the first section of his Heimskringla. It was first translated into English and published in 1844 by Samuel Laing.

Snorri Sturluson based his work on an earlier Ynglingatal which is attributed to the Norwegian 9th-century skald Þjóðólfr of Hvinir, and which also appears in Historia Norwegiae. It tells the most ancient part of the story of the House of Ynglings (Scylfings in Beowulf). Snorri described the descent of the kings of Norway from this royal house of Sweden.

Ynglinga saga is the first part of Snorri’s history of the ancient Norse kings, the Heimskringla. Snorri’s work covers the history of the Norwegian kings from the mythical prehistoric age until 1177, with the death of the pretender Eystein Meyla. Interwoven in this narrative are references to important historical events.

The saga deals with the arrival of the Norse gods to Scandinavia and how Freyr founded the Swedish Yngling dynasty at Uppsala. Then the saga follows the line of Swedish kings until Ingjald (Ingjald illråde), after which the descendants settled in Norway and became the ancestors of the Norwegian King Harald Fairhair.

In the initial stanzas of the poem, Asagarth is the capital of Asaland, a section of Asia to the east of the Tana-kvísl or Vana-Kvísl river (kvísl is “fork”), which Snorri explains is the Tanais, or Don River, flowing into the Black Sea. The river divides “Sweden the Great”, a concession to the Viking point of view. It is never called that prior to the Vikings (Section 1).

Contents :

  1. Of The Situation Of Countries
  2. Of The People Of Asia
  3. Of Odin’s Brothers
  4. Of Odin’s War With The People Of Vanaland
  5. Odin Divides His Kingdom: Also Concerning Gefion
  6. Of Odin’s Accomplishments
  7. Of Odin’s Feats
  8. Odin’s Lawgiving
  9. Of Njord’s Marriage
  10. Of Odin’s Death
  11. Of Njord.
  12. Frey’s Death
  13. Of Freya And Her Daughters
  14. Of King Fjolne’s Death
  15. Of Swegde
  16. Of Vanlande, Swegde’s Son
  17. Of Visbur, Vanlande’s Son
  18. Of Domald, Visbur’s Son
  19. Of Domar, Domald’s Son
  20. Of Dygve, Domar’s Son
  21. Of Dag The Wise
  22. Of Agne, Dag’s Son
  23. Of Alric And Eric
  24. Of Yngve And Al
  25. Of Hugleik
  26. King Gudlog’s Death
  27. Of King Hake
  28. Jorund, Yngve’s Son
  29. Of King On, Jorund’s Son
  30. Of Egil And Tunne
  31. Of King Ottar
  32. Of King Adils’ Marriage
  33. Of King Adils’ Death
  34. Rolf Krake’s Death
  35. Of Eystein And The Jutland King Solve
  36. Of Yngvar’s Fall
  37. Of Onund The Land-clearer
  38. Of Ingjald The Bad
  39. Of King Onund’s Death
  40. The Burning In Upsal
  41. Of Hjorvard’s Marriage
  42. War Between Ingjald And Granmar And Hjorvard
  43. Death Of The Kings Granmar And Hjorvard
  44. Of Ingjald’s Death
  45. Of Ivar
  46. Of Olaf The Tree-feller
  47. Olaf The Tree-feller’s Death
  48. Halfdan Hvitbein Made King
  49. Of Halfdan Hvitbein
  50. Of Ingjald, Brother Of Halfdan
  51. Of King Eystein’s Death
  52. Of Halfdan The Mild
  53. Of Gudrod The Hunter
  54. Of King Olaf’s Death
  55. Of Rognvald The Mountain-high


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